High potassium or hyperkalemia may be seen in several conditions. Failure of the kidneys to remove excess potassium as in acute or chronic kidney failure, glomreulonephritis, addison's disease, burns, gastrointestinal bleeding and tumors may all present with elevated levels of potassium in the blood.
Your client may require further investigations to determine the cause of high potassium. Tests like ECG, calcium levels, glucose, urinalysis may be needed. Treatment will depend on the cause. Acute high levels of potassium could cause cardiac arrest and may require dialysis or diuretics to reduce the potassium levels.
These Q&A’s are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.