Exhausted Mother Thinks She Has Depression

Patient

Q: Hi, I'm 28 yrs old, and I'm exhausted all the time. I will get a good night sleep around 8-9 hrs and wake up very tired. All day long I am yawning. And around 2 pm I go home and have to sleep for at least 3 hrs. I work at an office, and don't do any thing there that would make me so tired. I have a 8yr old, and cant find any energy to play with her. My husband and I have been trying to have a baby for around 5 yrs, with no luck. I'm now wondering if this is depression Im suffering from?

Doctor

A:   Depression can be difficult to diagnose.  I usually have to see my patients over a few visits to verify the symptoms they are experiencing are not due to another medical condition, another psychiatric condition, substance abuse or normal expected reactions to life events such as a loss of a loved one or times of high stress.  Below is a list of diagnostic criteria doctors use to diagnose depression:
A.  Five (or more) of the following symptoms have been present during the same 2-week period and represent a change from previous functioning; at least one of the symptoms is either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss of interest or pleasure.
Do note include symptoms that are clearly due to a general medical condition, or mood-incongruent delusions or hallucinations. (1) depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective report (e.g., feels sad or empty) or observation made by others (e.g., appears tearful). In children and adolescents, can be irritable mood. (2) markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the day, nearly every day (as indicated by either subjective account or observation made by others) (3) significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain (e.g., a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month), or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day. In children, consider failure to make expected weight gains. (4) insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day (5) psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day (observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down) (6) fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day (7) feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt (which may be delusional) nearly every day (not merely self-reproach or guilt about being sick) (8) diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day (either by subjective account or as observed by others) (9) recurrent thoughts of death (not just fear of dying), recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide
B. The symptoms do not meet criteria for a Mixed Episode. C. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. D. The symptoms are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., hypothyroidism). E. The symptoms are not better accounted for by Bereavement, i.e., after the loss of a loved one, the symptoms persist for longer than 2 months or are characterized by marked functional impairment, morbid preoccupation with worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic symptoms, or psychomotor retardation.
As you can see, even though fatigue is one of the symptoms, other medical conditions MUST be ruled out.  Please see your doctor as soon as possible - you may have a condition that is easily treatable and curable if detected early on.

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