Thank you for your medical query at AskTheDoctor.com
I understand your concern.
It can't be predicted whether you acquired malaria or other mosquito-borne diseases.
If you develop any fever over the next few days, you can prophylactically take Quinine or Chloroquine for 3 days. But from a single mosquito bite, chances of getting the infection is miniscule.
Hope this was helpful,
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