Strep throat and HIV

Patient

Q: Is Strep throat a symptom of HIV or could a viral sore throat be mistaken for strep throat?

Doctor

A:    The strep throat is produced by a bacterial infection; a viral sore throat will have a strep test negative. On the other hand ,the initial symptoms of HIV infection can be very unspecific as: fever, fatigue, night sweats, rash, swollen nodes, sore throat, headache, oral ulcers or have no symptoms at all. The following factors are associated with an increased risk of acquiring HIV infection: Unprotected sex, receptive anal intercourse carries a particularly high risk, injection drug use (sharing needles or drug paraphernalia), occupational needle stick or body fluid splash (estimated transmission rate <0.3%), contaminated blood products (before 1985 in the United States).

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