Urinary tract infections: Causes and Preventive methods

Patient

Q: How do you get a urinary tract infection?and what can you do so you dont get a urinary tract infection?

Doctor

A:   Urinary tract infections are very common. They are usually diagnosed through a urine test and clinical symptoms. There are many causes of UTI's , the main one being Ascending infection ( from the urethra/vagina upwards) which is usually caused by gastointestinal organisms like e.coli.Sometimes there is blood borne method of infection for example if one has a abcess near the kidney that infection can travle through the blood and cause a UTI.  The typical symptoms of a UTI are burning on urination, increased frequency and urgency, foul smelling and cloudy urine sometimes accompanied with suprapubic pain.
There are various methods to avoid UTI's. Women are specifically more susceptible to it due to the short urethra and its proximity to the vagina. Some protective methods are voiding just before and after sexual intercourse, wiping the genital area from front to back and not vice versa, daily ingestion of cranberry juice has been proved to have some  protective effect, avoid using vaginal douches, bubble baths as they case vaginal and urethral irritation, wearing loose cotton panties.  I hope this helps.

Related Q&A

Q: For a while It constantly felt like I had to urinate but I never really had to, and it was painful to do so. When thi...

Q: I have urinary problems now for a few weeks (frequency, urgency, can't seem to empty bladder, and slight burning). I...

Q: Hello, I had protected sex about a week ago, and now I currently have slight redness/irritation at the tip of my p...

Q: Sir few drops of blood came after i urinate this happen from 15years every year some times now i am 37 years three mo...

Q: I have had UTI for over 7 months now I'm a 20 year old girl, I've just started engaging in sexual activity. I've take...

 
DOCTOR ADVISORY BOARD
218

Dr. James Obaji M.D.

  • 247 Reviews
  • Family Physician
173

Dr. Suneel Sharman M.D.

  • 190 Reviews
  • Family Physician
138

Dr. Pat Golden M.D.

  • 169 Reviews
  • Cardiologist
98

Dr. Kunaal Jindal M.D.

  • 112 Reviews
  • Plastic Surgeon
CNN
BBC
MSNBC
CBS
abcNews
FoxNews