ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a condition that causes hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. This syndrome manifests in childhood and can maintain its influence well into adult life.
Most often, this syndrome occurs in children or adolescents. Approximately 3-5% of school-age children suffer from ADHD. The main symptoms of it are: absent-mindedness (inability to concentrate), impulsivity (impaired ability to control the first desire to do anything) and hyperactivity (increased activity and restlessness).
Two Main Symptoms
1. Weakness of Attention
A child with ADHD will constantly be distracted by sounds and objects in their surroundings. Patients do not pay attention to the details or usually forget them. He or she makes careless errors and rarely complies accurately and fully with all the instructions or information provided.A child with ADHD may also lose and forget things they need, like toys, pencils and books.
A child with ADHD doesn’t sit quietly, turning, squirming, kicking and chatting.They will run or get up from their seat in situations where they are suppose to be sitting still. While answering questions, they do not often listen until the end of the question, but instead cannot wait to express their opinion with urgency and excitement.
If Your Child has ADHD
Often, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder begins to manifest itself in childhood. But, remember that when you are trying to assess the clinical picture of the child, keep in mind that children are always more active than adults, are more difficult to sit still and hold their attention to one focus. What is not normal for us can be normal for a child. So, there is no need to sound the alarm if you detect some of the symptoms of ADHD in your child. It’s okay to deal quietly with him or her, using competent and soft educational measures.
If your child is too active and distracted, he or she can be helped by all of the same tips that are suitable for an adult. Take your children for long walks, play games requiring concentration (chess, reading, modeling airplanes, painting), control their leisure time spent on the internet, ultimately developing their memory and concentration. It is also recommended that you convers with your child about their anxiety and hyper behavior. To be open and talk about it as something to improve is the first step toward helping one another.
Do not worry if your effort with your child does not lead directly to the desired results. Do not lose patience. Many problems can be solved if you keep on trying, applying your effort consciously and methodically. If you find it most suitable, there are also medicated treatments available.
What a Doctor can do for You
Treatment of ADHD involves counseling and medical therapy either alone or in a form of combination therapy.
Behavioral therapies have well known and proven roles in the management of ADHD. They are often used as first line management of ADHD.
Some psychological therapies used include: psychoeducational input, behavior therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, family therapy, school-based interventions, social skills training, parent management training and neuro feedback.
There is a number of stimulant and non-stimulant medications, which are used as medical management for ADHD. They don’t have a proven role in long term management of ADHD but they have positive effects over its symptoms at least for the short term. It has been said that stimulant drugs improve academic performance more than the others. Medical therapy is not recommended for preschool children and used only for older ones.